Penfolds St Henri Shiraz 1999 (1500ml)
Penfolds-St-Henri-Shiraz-1999-1500ml

Penfolds St Henri Shiraz 1999 (1500ml)

Sale price$540.00
Multi Regional SA, South Australia, Australia

Style: Red Wine

Varieties: Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon (small %)

Closure: Cork

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Penfolds St Henri Shiraz 1999 (1500ml)

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, usually ready in 2-4 days

Burke Road
Camberwell VIC 3124
Australia

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Producer: Penfolds

Country: Australia

Region: Multi Regional SA

Vintage: 1999

Critic Score: 95

Alcohol: 14.0%

Size: 1500 ml

Drink by: 2045


Supple, elegant shiraz. Long and satiny palate, finishing smooth and gentle - Jeremy Oliver

St Henri is a time-honoured and alternative expression of Shiraz, and an intriguing counterpoint to Grange. It is unusual among high quality Australian red wines as it does not rely on any new oak. Released for the first time by Penfolds in the early 1950s (first commercial vintage 1957), it gained a new lease of life in the 1990s as its quality and distinctive style became better understood. Proudly, a wine style that hasn't succumbed to the dictates of fashion or commerce. St Henri is rich and plush when young, gaining soft, earthy, mocha-like characters as it ages. It is matured in old, 1,460 litre vats that allow the wine to develop, imparting minimal, if any oak character. Although a small proportion of Cabernet is sometimes used to improve structure, the focal point for St Henri remains Shiraz. 

"Supple and seamless, holding back on its beautiful, ripe blackberry, cherry, leather and pepper flavours until they come through almost as a second wave, swamping the finish and begging for another sip. A different flavour seems to emerge first with each sip... the fruit character is intoxicating in a wine of such refinement."  Wine Spectator 

"The abiding character of St Henri is its longevity, particularly in the context of better vintages. It has none of the make-up of new American oak that can hide the imperfections of a lesser vintage. A great St Henri will come into its own in a bare minimum of 10 years, and live long thereafter."  James Halliday 

The 1999 Penfolds St Henri is a blend of shiraz and a small proportion of Cabernet to improve structure. The wine was sourced from premium vineyards across South Australia. It was aged for 12 months in 50+ y.o. large old oak vats.

"Medium-deep crimson. Herb garden, meaty and dark chocolate aromas with red and black fruit notes. Lovely meaty, raspberry, redcurrant, mocha, liquorice and walnut notes with sturdy chewy tannins and lively but long acidity. Firm walnut and gravelly finish. Alcohol kicks out at the finish. A strong muscular frame but the fruit is generous and supple. Peak drinking now to 2035.

Vintage Conditions: Generally dry and cool weather during early summer were temporarily disrupted by a hot spell in late January before moderate conditions during vintage. Multi-regional sourcing and strong vineyard management resulted in parcels of fruit being harvested with hallmark fruit sweetness and ripe tannins."  Penfolds

Expert reviews

"Supple, elegant shiraz with a spicy floral perfume of cassis, blackberries and raspberries with peppery undertones of treacle and caramel, star anise and restrained cedary oak. Its long and satiny palate presents pristine, vibrant fruit over a fine-grained chassis, finishing smooth and gentle with delightful intensity. Drink: 2011-2019."  Jeremy Oliver - 95 points

"Bramble, briar and spice aromas; then a palate with bitter chocolate, licorice and blackberry joining the background components of the bouquet; very well handled tannins; Penfolds is on top of this aspect of the game. Drink Now-2015."  James Halliday, Halliday Wine Companion - 93 points

"Supple and seamless, holding back on its beautiful, ripe blackberry, cherry, leather and pepper flavours until they come through almost as a second wave, swamping the finish and begging for another sip. A different flavour seems to emerge first with each sip...the fruit character is intoxicating in a wine of such refinement."  Wine Spectator - 92 points  [90-94: Outstanding; a wine of superior character and style]

"To give you an idea of where this wine sits in the recent St Henri hierarchy, it's not up to the standard of either the 1996 or the 1998, but it's far, far better than either the 1995 or 1997 – it's a respectable wine that will cellar well. Built on a foundation of plum and Xmas cake flavour (it's a more voluptuous St Henri than is the norm), the palate's fruity, raisiny, tannic and blessed by a cascade of cassis. Drink: 2006-2014."  Campbell Mattinson, The Wine Front - 91 points

About st henri

Penfolds St Henri photo

The first vintage of St Henri – then Auldana Cellars St Henri Claret – was produced in 1888, beginning one of the most famous and enduring names in Australian wine. It was likely named after Auldana's winemaker Léon Edmond Mazure's son Henri or his wife, Philomine Henriette. The wine immediately enjoyed success, winning the Championship Cup for Best Claret in Australia at the Adelaide Wine Show in 1890 and then again as a joint winner in 1891. The St Henri label disappeared somewhere around the beginning of World War 1, probably because of reduced export sales. It was revived by Senior Red Winemaker John Davoren at Penfolds in 1953 to celebrate the centenary of Auldana Cellars (established by Patrick Auld in 1853) but the wine was not widely released. The 1953 release was made from Auldana and Paracombe fruit and the label design was based on original St Henri labels found in a loft at Auldana Cellars shortly after its sale to Penfolds in 1947.

According to retired Penfolds Senior Winemaker John Bird, the first vintages of St Henri were cabernet sauvignon and mataro blends. The fruit was foot stomped in open-ended hogsheads during vinification. After fermentation, the wine was matured in oak vats rather than hogsheads for around 18 months. John Davoren's aim was to make a wine in the traditional Claret style, accentuating fruit and maturation characters, rather than oak complexity. In this way the winemaking style differs to Grange, as it relies on larger seasoned oak vessels without any barrel fermentation. The 1957 vintage is officially recognised as the first St Henri commercial release under the Penfolds name. Nonetheless, John Davoren describes all of the 1950s vintages as "trials”. These experimental wines from 1953 to 1959 mark an important step forward for winemaking in Australia. Not only does St Henri honour the late 19th-century aspirations of Auldana's proprietor Sir Josiah Symon and winemaker Léon Edmond Mazure, but without the professional rivalry between Max Schubert and John Davoren, the Grange story would not have the same richness or romance. Initially St Henri achieved greater commercial success than Grange, although both were offered to the public as Claret styles. St Henri was a more elegant, approachable and familiar style because it reflected traditional winemaking techniques, whereas the revolutionary Grange was something of a blockbuster with more richness and fullness.

Today Penfolds St Henri is a multi-regional multi-vineyard South Australian blend, primarily based on shiraz, although it still honours the original style. Significant contrbutions of shiraz come from Barossa Valley, Eden Valley, Clare Valley, McLaren Vale, Langhorne Creek, Robe and Bordertown; cabernet sauvignon from Coonawarra, Barossa Valley and Adelaide Hills. After vinification the wine is matured in seasoned large oak vats for around 15 to 18 months before bottling. 

St Henri was labelled 'Claret' until the 1989 vintage. Packaged in laser-etched bottles
since the 1996 vintage. Released in many markets under screwcap since 2005. St Henri Shiraz possesses a unique stature in the story of Australian wine. With its proven style and aging potential, it is a favourite among Penfold's collectors. 

Extract from Penfolds Rewards of Patience tasting panel 2021

About the winery

penfolds-winery

After the success of early sherries and fortified wines, founders Dr Christopher and Mary Penfold planted the vine cuttings they had carried on their voyage over to Australia. In 1844 the fledging vineyard was officially established as the Penfolds wine company at Magill Estate.

As the company grew, so too did Dr Penfold's medical reputation, leaving much of the running of the winery to Mary Penfold. Early forays into Clarets and Rieslings proved increasingly popular, and on Christopher's death in 1870, Mary assumed total responsibility for the winery. Mary's reign at the helm of Penfolds saw years of determination and endeavour.

By the time Mary Penfold retired in 1884 (ceding management to her daughter, Georgina) Penfolds was producing 1/3 of all South Australia's wine. She'd set an agenda that continues today, experimenting with new methods in wine production. By Mary's death in 1896, the Penfolds legacy was well on its way to fruition. By 1907, Penfolds had become South Australia's largest winery.

In 1948, history was made again as Max Schubert became the company's first Chief Winemaker. A loyal company man and true innovator, Schubert would propel Penfolds onto the global stage with his experimentation of long-lasting wines - the creation of Penfolds Grange in the 1950s.

In 1959 (while Schubert was perfecting his Grange experiment in secret), the tradition of ‘bin wines' began. The first, a Shiraz wine with the grapes of the company's own Barossa Valley vineyards was simply named after the storage area of the cellars where it is aged. And so Kalimna Bin 28 becomes the first official Penfolds Bin number wine.

In 1960, the Penfolds board instructed Max Schubert to officially re-start production on Grange. His determination and the quality of the aged wine had won them over.

Soon, the medals began flowing and Grange quickly became one of the most revered wines around the world. In 1988 Schubert was named Decanter Magazine's Man of the Year, and on the 50th anniversary of its birth, Penfolds Grange was given a heritage listing in South Australia.

Despite great success, Penfolds never rests on its laurels. In 2012 Penfolds released its most innovative project to date - 12 handcrafted ampoules of the rare 2004 Kalimna Block Cabernet Sauvignon.

Two years later, Penfolds celebrated the 170th anniversary – having just picked up a perfect score of 100 for the 2008 Grange in two of the world's most influential wine magazines. Today, Penfolds continues to hold dear the philosophies and legends – ‘1844 to evermore!'.

Wine region map of South Australia

South Australia

South Australian is responsible for more than half the production of all Australian wine. It is home to more than 900 wineries across 18 wine regions. The regions are Adelaide Hills, Adelaide Plains, Barossa Valley, Clare Valley, Coonawarra, Currency Creek, Eden Valley, Kangaroo Island, Langhorne Creek, McLaren Vale, Mount Benson, Mount Gambier, Padthaway, Riverland, Robe, Southern Fleurieu, Southern Flinders Ranges and Wrattonbully.

Many of the well-known names in the South Australian wine industry established their first vineyards in the late 1830s and early 1840s. The first vines in McLaren Vale were planted at Reynella in 1839 and Penfold's established Magill Estate on the outskirts of Adelaide in 1844.

South Australia has a vast diversity in geography and climate which allows the State to be able to produce a range of grape varieties - from cool climate Riesling in the Clare and Eden Vallies to the big, full bodied Shiraz wines of the Barossa Valley and McLaren Vale. Two of Australia's best-known wines, Penfolds Grange and Henschke Hill of Grace, are produced here. There is much to discover in South Australia for the wine lover.